pilau n : rice cooked in well-seasoned broth with onions or celery and usually poultry or game or shellfish and sometimes tomatoes [syn: pilaf, pilaff, pilaw]
- Hawaiian Pidgin: pilau
Pilaf is a dish in which a grain, such as rice or cracked wheat, is generally first browned in oil, and then cooked in a seasoned broth. Depending on the local cuisine it may also contain a variety of meat and vegetables. Pilaf and similar dishes are common to Middle Eastern, Central, South Asian, Latin American and Caribbean cuisine.
- Albanian, Romanian: pilaf
- Armenian: փիլավ p‘ilav
- Azeri: plov
- Bosnian, Turkish: pilav
- Bengali পোলাও polao, পোলাউ polau
- Finnish pilahvi
- Greek πιλάφι piláfi
- Hebrew אושפלו oshpalo, פלו palow
- Hindi पुलाव pulāv
- Kazakh палау palau
- Kyrgyz палоо paloo (cognate with Kazakh), аш ash (cognate with Uzbek), плов plov (Russian borrowing)
- Macedonian, Serbian: Пилав pilav
- Mandarin 抓饭 zhua fan
- Persian پلو polow/pollo
- Tajik полов polov
- Trinidad and Tobago pelau
- Tajik, Turkmen, Uzbek: پالو/палов/palov
- Urdu پلاو pulāw
Persian rice recipes probably go back to the expansion of rice cultivation within the Persian Empire under Darius the Great. There is historical evidence that the cultivation of rice was introduced systematically into Mesopotamia and South Western Iran on a large scale in the 5th century BC, making rice available to the people of Central Asia and the Middle East on a scale that was not possible previously. In modern Persian, Pilaf is pronounced polow (پلو), with the first syllable short, and the second long.
Persian culinary terms referring to rice preparations are numerous and have found their way into the neighbouring languages: Polo (rice cooked in broth while the grains remain separate, straining the half cooked rice before adding the broth and then 'brewing'), Cholo (white rice with separate grains), Kateh (sticky rice), Biryani (similar to polo but involving some frying in butter after it is cooked), Tachine (slow cooked rice, vegetables and meat cooked in a specially designed dish also called a tachine).
There are four primary methods of cooking rice in Iran:
- Chelow: rice that is carefully prepared through soaking and parboiling, at which point the water is drained and the rice is steamed. This method results in an exceptionally fluffy rice with the grains separated, and not sticky, and also results in a golden rice crust at the bottom of the pot called tah-digh (literally "bottom of the pot").
- Polow: rice that is cooked exactly the same as chelow, with the exception that after draining the rice, other ingredients are added in layers or sections of the rice, and then steamed together.
- Kateh: rice that is cooked until the water is absorbed. This is also the traditional dish of Northern Iran (described in detail below).
- Damy: cooked almost the same as kateh, except that the heat is reduced just before boiling and a towel is placed between the lid and the pot to prevent steam from escaping. Damy literally means "simmered."
HistoryOne of the earliest literary references to Pilau can be found in the histories of Alexander the Great from Macedonia when describing Bactrian (an Eastern Iranian province probably the birthplace of Alexander's wife Roxana and geographically in modern Afghanistan) hospitality. Uzbek "plov" is often considered to be one of the oldest preparations of rice which has Persian roots due to the non-existence of Turkic tribes in Central Asia at the time. It was known to have been served to Alexander the Great upon his capture of the Sogdian capital of Marakanda (modern Samarkand). Alexander's army brought it back to Macedonia and spread it throughout Eastern Europe.
The pilau became standard fare in the Middle East over the years with variations and innovation by the Arabs, Turks and Armenians. It was introduced to Israel by Bukharian and Persian Jews.
The Mughals introduced many Persian dishes to the subcontinent including rice dishes. Pulao (sometimes spelt 'pulav') is a South Asian dish made of rice. It is made with peas, potatoes, mutton, beef or chicken. It is usually served on special occasions and weddings and is very high in food energy and fat. Meat pulao is a North Indian tradition, especially among the Muslim population. Biryani is an Indian and Pakistani dish very similar to pilav introduced during the Mughal period. It is made from basmati or similar aromatic rice.
During the years of the Soviet Union, the dish spread throughout the other Soviet republics, becoming a favorite in such diverse places as Russia, Ukraine, and Georgia.
- Pakistani Lamb Pulao - illustrated step-by-step recipe in English
- Homemade recipe for Peas Pulao From the Indian Food Kitchen Blog
- Pulav and other fried rice recipe collection
- Pilaf / Pulao Recipes Very easy to follow recipes to make delicious Pilaf & Biryani Dishes
- Pilau rice recipe Easy and 'genuine' north Indian / Pakistani recipe
- Different Polow Recipes
- Different Polows Photos
- Polow video recipe
pilau in Czech: Pilaf
pilau in German: Pilaw
pilau in Spanish: Pilaf (comida)
pilau in Esperanto: Pilafo
pilau in Persian: پلو
pilau in French: Riz pilaf
pilau in Korean: 필라프
pilau in Hebrew: פילאף
pilau in Lithuanian: Plovas
pilau in Dutch: Pilaf
pilau in Japanese: ピラフ
pilau in Norwegian Nynorsk: Pilaff
pilau in Portuguese: Pilaf
pilau in Russian: Плов
pilau in Swedish: Pilaff
pilau in Tajik: Оши палов
pilau in Turkish: Pilav